Vata Dosha, as explained in the previous blog, is predominant in autumn, but what comes after this. Winter! And wintertime is Kapha season. So, if you are a Kapha – Pitta or Kapha – Vata or even Kapha – Pitta – Vata tri - dosha, read here a few things you may take into consideration for the wintertime.
The Kapha dosha is made up of the elements of water and earth. If we mix water with earth, we get mud. In the body, in excess, instead of mud, it transforms into excess mucus or phlegm and can lead to congestion, that is a cold.
Kapha is described as “what makes things stick together”, and it is the container for Vata and Pitta. The Kapha element gives lubrication and stability to the body and its tissues. It also facilitates the restoration of the body. It is the entire solid structure of our body.
A healthy Kapha person is sensitive, loving, steady and strong, and has great sexual potency. When Kapha is in its balance greed is absent, and the person has well-developed organs, clear eyes, a clear face, and complexion.
However, Kapha can get increased through excessive sweet, salty, and alkaline foods, as well as heavy, oily, or fatty foods. Also having a sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise and excessive daydreaming. Whereas Vata increases with age, Kapha is mainly associated with childhood, the morning time and early part of the evening, as with spring.
When Kapha gets vitiated or corrupted, a Kapha person may experience drowsiness, crave excessive sleep, and have a sweet taste in the mouth. They also may experience cold sensations, nausea, itchy feelings in the throat, excessive salivation, heaviness in the body, whiteness in eyes, urine and faeces, mental and physical weariness, inertness, to depression.
A corrupted Kapha dosha can get treated with pungent, bitter, astringent, sharp, and hot food.
Our whole skin and mucous lining are associated with Kapha. Kapha is in the chest, throat and upper body, and the pancreas. The primary physical site is in the stomach and in the middle body where fat accumulates, lymph and fat tissues. Sense organs are taste and smell, the nose, and tongue. The motor organs are the urinal-genital and excretory organs.
Kapha endows us with emotion and feeling (love, caring, devotion and faith) and allows us to retain what we have achieved through our efforts.
When we experience excess Kapha, it may manifest in gaining weight, lung disease, swollen glands etc. The water element may need some heat and movement (pitta and Vata) to balance itself.
A sattvic (balanced) Kapha displays virtues, such as love, devotion, and faith. Also, is content, and presents a comforting presence. Balanced Kaphas are steady, patient, fair, balanced, loyal, forgiving, nurturing and supportive.
A rajasic (overactive) Kapha is preoccupied with the acquisition and accumulation of material things. Also, a rajasic Kapha dominates, is controlling, greedy and materialistic, constantly seeking wealth and cares only for his or her position and image.
A tasmatic (overly lazy) Kapha displays sign of inertia, stagnation, may have various addictions, is dull-minded, sensually depressed, refuses to make efforts in life, incapable of self-reflection, blames others for their predicaments, tramples over others, is usually overweight and full of toxins.
In general, Kaphas are stockily built, generally shorter than the average in height but sometimes also tall. Fat accumulates especially in the region of the stomach and thighs. Because of excess synovial fluid around joints, this can sometimes cause swollen glands, cysts, bone spurs. They may suffer from poor circulation and arthritis later. They are also prone to heart disease and high cholesterol.
Kaphas need more active exercise but should increase slowly and incrementally. For a Kapha dosha it is good to create some sweat in their exercise, move for better circulation, and maybe practice sun salutes, vinyasa, standing postures, opening chest postures, and backbends. A lot of sitting increases Kapha, and therefore forward bends are not so good for them. Pranayamas should be of a warming nature. Nauli is recommended if they suffer from slow digestion and low metabolism. Kaphas should come away feeling warm, invigorated, light, energised, their chest and lungs open, mind and senses sharp and clear, and any emotional heaviness released.
Keywords are: Stimulating, moving, warming, lightening, energizing, releasing
Asana: Lion pose or sitting with pranayama, sun salutes, strong vinyasa, Virabhadrasana, etc. donwdogs, updogs, full inverted balancing poses (handstand ARDHO MUKHA VRIKASANA, pincha Myurasana etc.) Headstands, shoulder stands, backbends, twist, short savasana
Pranayama / Kriyas: Solar or right nostril breathing (esp. in the morning when Kapha predominates), Bhastrika and Kaplabatthi (esp. when suffering from a cold, congestion, lethargy, depression). Prana breath (third eye, mouth, ears, eyes head), vyana breath (to clear from the lungs).
Meditation should not be too emotional, but the meditation should help to let go of emotions, attachment and to counter mental stagnation and lethargy, releases possessiveness and heaviness, Kaphas may require encouragement, stimulation, or motivation. For a Kpaha person it may be better to practice in a group setting, chant mantras and practice pranayama combined with meditation. They should do some physical exercise beforehand to open circulation and dispel stagnation, walking meditations are also good for them, vigorous pranayama (bhastirka) right nostril breathing to move energy, etc.